Volkswagen Jetta

The Volkswagen Jetta manufacture by Volkswagen automobile company. Read more to view more detail and video reviews. Please feel free to comments and give rating to help others

The Volkswagen Jetta is an automobile produced by German automaker Volkswagen since 1979. Positioned to fill an upscale saloon/sedan niche above the firm’s compact/small family car Golf offering, it has been known over its five generations variously as the Atlantic, Bora, City Jetta, Fox, GLI, Sagitar, or Vento. The name Jetta was derived from the Jet stream, continuing Volkswagen’s tradition of naming cars for various winds.[1]

The model’s sedan body style was developed in partial response to Volkswagen’s observation that the North American market preferred that traditional configuration over the Golf’s then unconventional hatchback layout.[2] The new saloon was marketed as a somewhat more luxurious car than its tailgated brethren, with nicer interior trim and a higher price.[3] This proved to be wise on Volkswagen’s part, as the Jetta became the best-selling European car in the United States, Canada, and Mexico.[4][5]

Over the years, the car has been offered in two and four-door sedan and five-door station wagon variants. As of 2005, over 6.6 million cars have been sold worldwide, over one-third in the United States alone. Since the original version in 1980, the car has grown in size and power with each successive generation.[6]

The Jetta was introduced to the world at the 1979 Frankfurt Auto Show.[10] Production of the first generation began in September 1979 at the Wolfsburg plant.[11] In Mexico, the Mark 1 was known as the “Volkswagen Atlantic”. The car was available as a two-door coupe and four-door sedan body styles, both of which shared a three box shape. Like the Golf, its angular styling was penned at ItalDesign, by Giorgetto Giugiaro. Styling differences could be found depending on the market. In most of the world, the car was available with composite headlights, while in the USA, it was only available with rectangular sealed beam lamps due to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 108. The suspension setup was identical to the Golf and consisted of a MacPherson strut setup in front and a Twist-beam rear suspension in the rear. It shared its 2.4 meter (94.5 in) wheelbase with its hatchback counterpart although overall length was up by 380 millimeters (15 in). The capacity of the luggage compartment was 377 liters (13.3 ft3), making the Jetta reasonably practical.[12] To distinguish the car from the Golf, interiors were made more upscale in all markets.[13] This included velour seating and color coordinated sill to sill carpeting.

Engine choices varied considerably depending on the local market. Most were based on 827 engines of the era. Choices in Spark-ignition engines ranged from a 1.1 L four-cylinder engine producing 37 kilowatts (50 PS) to a 1.8 L I4 which made 82 kilowatts (112 PS) and 150 newton metres (111 ft·lbf) of torque. Some cars were equipped with Carburetors, while others were fuel injected using K or KE Jetronic supplied by Robert Bosch GmbH. Diesel engine choices included a 1.6 L making 37 kilowatts (50 PS) and a turbocharged version of the same engine which produced 51 kilowatts (70 PS) and 130 newton metres (96 ft·lbf) of torque.

Volkswagen briefly considered producing the Jetta in a plant located in Sterling Heights, Michigan in the USA.[14] However, due to declining sales in North America, the decision was postponed and finally scrapped in 1982.[15] The site was subsequently sold to Chrysler in 1983 and is still in operation as of 2007.[16] This generation was also produced in Bosnia under the joint venture Tvornica Automobila Sarajevo (TAS) for the Balkan area.[17]

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